Now a days, keeping freshwater fish as a pet has become a popular hobby that almost anyone can do it. Keeping freshwater fish is a good option because in addition to many species of freshwater fish that has a beautiful color and shape, freshwater fishes are relatively easy to care than sea water fishes. Most freshwater fish comes from Central America, South America, Africa, and Asia. Several types of freshwater fishes has experienced with cross breeding technique to produce new types of highly interesting both style and color.
10. Clown Loach
The clown loach, Chromobotia macracanthus, is a tropical freshwater fish belonging to the botiid loach family. It is the sole member of the Chromobotia genus. It originates in inland waters in Indonesia on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.It is a popular fish in the freshwater aquarium trade and is sold worldwide.
Clon loach is a schooling fish perfect for aquarium, clown loaches school in groups of 5-6 or more. Clown loaches are particularly susceptible to Ichthyophthirius (ich),or white spot disease. Clown Loach is sometimes referred to as a scaleless fish.
Arowanas are freshwater bony fish of the family Osteoglossidae, also known as bonytongues. In this family of fish, the head is bony and the elongated body is covered by large, heavy scales, with a mosaic pattern of canals. In this family of fish, the head is bony and the elongated body is covered by large, heavy scales, with a mosaic pattern of canals. The dorsal and anal fins have soft rays and are long based, while the pectoral and ventral fins are small.
The name “bonytongues” is derived from a toothed bone on the floor of the mouth, the “tongue”, equipped with teeth that bite against teeth on the roof of the mouth. The arowana is a facultative air breather and can obtain oxygen from air by sucking it into its swim bladder, which is lined with capillaries like lung tissue.
8. Parrot Fish
Parrot fish are a large group of marine species inhabiting shallow coastal waters in tropical and subtropical oceans throughout the world. Their largest species richness in the Indo-Pacific.
Parrot Fish use their paired set of pectoral fins primarily to swim. They Measuring more than 4 feet in length and weighing in at 100 pound. They enshroud their bodies in mucus bubbles blown to protect the slumbering fish from bloodsucking parasites at night.
They have an unpleasant habit of eliminating clouds of waste while swimming. After digesting coral rock, it’s excreted as sand. They have a capacity to change sex with loss of a harem’s dominant male and mate with females.
Rainbowfish is a beautiful freshwater fish. Its name derived from the amazing iridescent colorations. Main feature is, the color will change when light reflects off of these fish. Rainbow fish are usually hardy, active fish which do well with a variety of community fish.
They are usually less than 12 cm (4.7 in) in length, with some species measuring less than 6 cm (2.4 in). Rainbowfish is a schooling fish and This prefer to be in groups of six or more fish of the same species. It is found in northern and eastern Australia, New Guinea, islands in Cenderawasih Bay, and the Raja Ampat Islands.
The Goldfish (Carassius auratus) is a freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae of order Cypriniformes. It was one of the earliest fish to bedomesticated, and is one of the most commonly kept aquarium fish.
A relatively small member of the carp family (which also includes the koi carp and the crucian carp), the goldfish is a domesticated version of a less-colourful carp native to east Asia. It was first domesticated in China more than a thousand years ago, and several distinct breeds have since been developed. Goldfish breeds vary greatly in size, body shape, fin configuration and colouration (various combinations of white, yellow, orange, red, brown, and black are known).
5. Fire Mouth Cichilid
The firemouth cichlid is a species of cichlid fish native to Central America. They occur in rivers of the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico, south through Belize and into northern Guatemala. Given it’s name because of the red colouration of it’s scales during breeding, the Fire Mouth Cichilid is a perfect fish for new fishkeepers. Although they CAN become pretty territorial during breeding season, they are relatively friendly. To be on the safe side, we recommend you keep these on their own, but if you want to mix them with other species, then make sure you provide rocks, or an upturned plant pot where they can hideaway in peace, to lay their eggs.
Adult Cichilids can grow to be around 6 inches long, and their diet can consist of regular flake food. Thanks to their popularity, you can find them at most pet stores, and they are generally very cheap, which is another advantage when looking to fill your own aquarium.
Killifish most commonly found in fresh or brackish waters in the Americas. They found in ephemeral waters, so that the eggs of most killifish can survive periods of partial dehydration. The adults of some specie also can survive out of the water for several weeks.
They grow from one to two inches (2.5 to 5 cm), with the largest species growing to just under six inches (15 cm). They live between two and three years. Killifish feed aquatic arthropods such as insect and worms. Most of them are lavishly coloured; and easy to keep and breed in an aquarium.
The guppy (Poecilia reticulata), also known as millionfish and rainbow fish, is one of the world’s most widely distributed tropical fish, and one of the most popular freshwater aquarium fish species. It is a member of the Poeciliidae family and, like almost all American members of the family, is live-bearing. Guppies, whose natural range is in northeast South America, were introduced to many habitats and are now found all over the world. They are highly adaptable and thrive in many different environmental and ecological conditions. Male guppies, which are smaller than females, have ornamental caudal and dorsal fins, while females are duller in colour. Wild guppies generally feed on a variety of food sources, including benthic algae and aquatic insect larvae. Guppies are used as a model organism in the field of ecology, evolution, and behavioural studies.
They are a hardy fish, and they can eat regular fish flakes. However, like many fish on this list, they can also eat frozen (or live) brine shrimp, blood worms, and Daphnia. The fact that Guppies can go over a week without food, shows how hardy they are.
In Top5Ten listing Discus is on number two in beautiful fishes. Discus is one of the most Beautiful Freshwater Aquarium Fishes in World. Symphysodon, colloquially known as discus. This is a genus of cichlids native to the Amazon river basin. They are very attractive due to their distinctive shape and bright colors.
The discus are popular as freshwater aquarium fish. It is also called pompadour fish and Asia is the major industry. They have a laterally compressed body shape and extended finnage is absent. Available in shades of green, red, brown, and blue.
1. Neon tetra
The Neon tetra (Paracheirodon innesi) is a beautiful freshwater fish for aquarium of the characin family of order Characiformes. The type species of its genus, it is native to black water or clear water streams in southeastern Colombia, eastern Peru, and western Brazil, including the tributaries of the Solimoes where the water is between 20 and 26 °C (68 and 79 °F). It is not found in the whitewater rivers of Andean origin. Its bright colouring makes the fish visible to conspecifics in the dark black water streams, and is also the main reason for its popularity among tropical fish hobbyists.
Although small in size, these beautifully coloured fish will surely take advantage of every bit of space in your tank. They love being in groups, so the bigger the group, the happier they will be, so don’t be afraid of keeping as many as you want. Their diet is simple, and they can be fed basic fish flakes, although they do enjoy the odd blood worm or brine shrimp every now and then.